There are millions of people around the world who undergo surgery every year. It is extremely important to understand the surgery being recommended to you by your doctor. It could be an elective surgery which is an operation you have chosen to be done or an emergency surgery where there is a need to perform the operation even if you didn’t intend to have it. Today we will focus on discussing Elective Surgery. Although the term elective usually implies that it’s optional, this is not always the case. There is a variety of surgical procedures which are considered to be elective. The most common example of this is cosmetic surgery. However, there are also a few instances which require having this operation done such as inguinal hernia surgery, mastectomy involving breast cancer, donation of a kidney, and cataract surgery. It is often a non-emergency surgery but is medically necessary for the patient. The procedure can be delayed for a maximum of 24 hours. Those patients who require emergency surgery will be far from the list of elective surgeries. It is usually performed inside a procedure room or an operating theater. Surgeons always use anesthesia before starting with their operation.
Elective surgery is scheduled beforehand which gives the patients more time to prepare. It is subject to the choice of the doctor or the patient. Most of these operations are performed when a doctor advises it to be necessary which will be in perfect timing. There are two different types of elective surgery. The first one is called semi-elective surgery which is essential to be performed to preserve the patient’s life but is not necessarily needed to be done instantly. The second one is called urgent surgery wherein the doctor ensures that the patient is medically stable first before they can proceed with the operation. Although this provides more leeway in terms of time, it still has to be performed within one to two days.
On some occasions, insurance companies confuse elective surgery with optional surgery so that they could avoid paying for the procedures since they believe it’s not medically essential. Before scheduling the procedure, it is highly recommended to check your coverage with your health insurance company. There are certain pre-operative assessments which are necessary to be performed so that the surgeon would be able to fully understand your health condition. They usually perform a complete medical history which includes physical examination together with laboratory tests. These are urinalysis, blood tests, chest x-ray, and electrocardiogram. Other pre-operative assessments rely heavily on the surgery itself. If the surgeon will be using a general anesthetic, he may advise you to make dietary restrictions. When blood loss is expected to happen, the patient will be advised to have their blood stored in advance.
There are certain complications that you have to be aware of. The risks involved vary depending on the type of operation performed. The most common risks that are prevalent in all surgeries are hemorrhage, infections, anesthesia, and circulatory problems. In terms of the result of the operation, the normal result you’ll initially have may only be temporary. This is especially common for cosmetic surgeries as they almost always need follow-up procedures. Other peoples’ results could be permanent. For example, a person who has undergone a facelift will most likely need a second procedure. On the other hand, a person who has undergone tubal ligation will have permanent results. The success rate is highly dependent on the specific procedure performed so it’s best to ask your doctor for a statistical data you can refer to.